Training Methodology – Pet Dogs

Training your beloved pet is as important as giving education to your child. Proper Training to Dog make them happy with good mannerism and effective communication. A well trained Dog, in one word, is the pride of his or her master in the external world. However it is also a fact that training of dog is a systematic activity which involves defined process and inputs with measurable output

 In this article , we will be discussing about the training methodology of Dogs with principles of training and we sincerely expect that after going through this article any pet lover will become confident enough to  deliver best possible training to  his or her Pet dog. The idea and objective of this article is to make masters independent and self sufficient about Training of his or her pet

To start with, one basic principle about Dog Training should be remembered and that is the training must be very clear. In case of Dog, there is no grey area of training and once a rule is set for any particular activity, dog will continue to follow the same.

Factors of Dog Training

While training a Dog, the following important factors are required to be taken care of and cannot be ignored to get desired output of training

1.Timing

For Dogs, the time factor matters most. Dogs live in present. There is no relevance of past for the dogs. A Dog believes that he is being corrected or trained about new things, right at that moment only, whenever it happens. Hence mistakes and rectifications must be done by the trainer on that very moment when it happens. Dog takes 1.3 seconds only to relate behaviour with causes

2. Consistency

Dogs are simple in nature and hence their training should be very clear and simple. In case any particular behaviour is required to be taught to a dog then the same is required to be repeated without any change and deviation. For example , In case the master wants the dog to run and bring a ball after he blows whistle then this particular training is required to be repeated and without any change . In case the Master does not blow whistle and only gives verbal command by shouting then the dog will be confused and he will not be able to bring the ball. The Trainer /Master should therefore be perfectly consistent in their training process

3. Motivation

Like Human being, Dogs are also inclined to motivational factors. In case the dog performs the required behaviour during training then it is suggested that he should be rewarded for the same and thereafter the dog will be motivated to perform that behaviour only and his training will become successful. Similarly, in case, the master corrects any mistake of the dog then also rewards should be given to the dog for his rectification and thereafter very shortly, it will be noticed that the dog is not repeating  the mistake . However , for motivating the dog , the motivational factor is also required to be identified for the dog since this is not universally common for all categories of dogs.

Training process and methodologies

1. Positive Reinforcement

This is one of the most popular and easy method to train the Dog. This method is nothing but rewarding the dog for performing desired behaviour during training. The dog repeats the desired behaviour for getting rewarded for the same and in the process he learns that desired behaviour However, for making this process a success, the consistency factor is required to be kept under strict consideration . The same behaviour for which the dog is rewarded should be repeated by the trainer with no deviation in terms of commands and actions. At the same time, the trainer must be able to identify  the good and desired behaviour for which reward is being given . It happens some time that the dog is rewarded for bad behaviour also due to mistake and ignorance of the trainer

2. Electronic Training Method

This is a method by which an electronic collar is put on the neck of the dog. wheneverthe  dog does not  perform desired behaviour then a mild shock is given through electronic collar . This training process is a negative method of training since it teaches the dog what he should not do, This training method is used to train the dog at a distance. This training method is useful mainly for hunter dogs or dogs to work on field.  Professional dog trainers uses this method mostly. However, it is suggested that new trainers should not use this method as they may not able to use it properly  or may overuse the same and therefore may give both physical and psychological pain to the dog

3. Model – Rival Training

This is a training method by which dog learns through observations. The model is set before the dog with performance of desired behaviour and the dog learns by observing it or imitating it . On the other side , The same can be done in rivalry mode, in which the model performs the desired behaviour and gets rewarded  with treats . In this case , dog leans through competitions as he feels that his rival will take away  all rewards

4. Clicker Training

This method is also a type of reinforcement process in which a CLICK sound is being initiated when the dog performs the desired behaviour and thereafter. A whistle is the most appropriate device for clicker training. The dog relates the click sound with the desired behaviour and rewards for the same and adopts that behaviour.Professional trainers uses this method. The most important part of this training is clicking or signalling right on the moment when the dog performs the desired behaviour else the dog will not be able to relate the success of his performance and reward with the sound